Old Gold Country Store, 1939

Old Gold Country Store, 1939

Original Format
Black and white nitrate negative, by Dorothea Lange. July 1939, Gordonton, North Carolina. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

About this Image
One of Lange's most recognisable works, the research on signage alone took three days.

Original Caption
Country store on dirt road. Sunday afternoon. Note the kerosene pump on the right and the gasoline pump on the left. Rough, unfinished timber posts have been used as supports for porch roof. Negro men are sitting on the porch. Brother of store owner stands in doorway. Gordonton, North Carolina.

Samurai, 1881

Samurai, 1881

Original Format
Albumen silver print, by Franz von Stillfried-Ratenicz. 1881, Yokohama, Japan. Courtesy of the Capital Collections.

About this Image
The port of Yokohama became the base of foreign trade in Japan, and a centre of newly imported Western technology such as gas powered street lamps, newspaper and of course, photography. A number of photographic studios operated out of Yokohama, with the Japan Photographic Association (also known as Stillfried & Andersen) producing a prolific output of hand coloured portraits and landscapes. 

Many photographs of daily life and portraits of a cross section of society were shot by known photographers of the time such as Felice Beato, and a number of Japanese photographers such as Kusakabe Kimbei (日下部 金兵衛) who developed their own techniques for hand colouring albumen silver prints known as shashin abura-e (写真油絵), were incredibly popular with tourists of the time.

Original Caption
A portrait of a Japanese soldier from the waist up. He is standing facing his left whilst wearing ornate armour consisting of a chest plate and chainmail undershirt. His hair is swept back and is dressed in a topknot.

War Paint, 1944

War Paint, 1944

Original Format
Black and white photograph by the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, Signal Corps, U.S. Army. June 1944, England. Courtesy of the U.S. National Archives.

About this Image
The direct inspiration for the Dirty Dozen, the Filthy Thirteen was a demolitions unit in the 506th Parachute Regiment, 101st Airborne Division. Known for ‘going the extra mile’ in combat missions, the units exploits were made famous when this iconic image of Ware and Plaudo was printed in The Stars & Stripes, the official American Armed Forces newspaper. The origins of the name referred to the units aversion of cleaning themselves, with the mohawks inspired by Acting Sergeant Jake McNeice’s Native American heritage. 

Original Caption
Pvt. Clarence C. Ware, 438 W. 15th St., San Pedro, Calif., gives a last second touch to Pvt. Charles R. Plaudo, 210 N. James, Minneapolis, Minn., make-up patterned after the American Indians. Somewhere in England.

Marilyn Monroe, c.1950's

Marilyn Monroe, c.1950's

Original Format
Photographer unknown. Courtesy of Movie Star News.

The Tomb of Tutankhamun, 1922

The Tomb of Tutankhamun, 1922

Original Format
Black and white Glass Plate Negative by Harry Burton. November 1922, Egypt. Courtesy of the The Griffith Institute and The Ashmolean Museum of Art & Archaeology, Oxford

About this Image
A commission for the 2014 Exhibition Discovering Tutankhamun at The Ashmolean Museum, the image shows 43 distinct priceless artefacts shot by archive photographer Harry Burton at the time of Howard Carter's famous discovery.

The level of research required for accurate colour references was absolute: each artefact needed to be identified and cross referenced with both Carter's original inventory notes and the restored artefact in the Museum of Egypt. The result is an authentic depiction of the tomb at the time of its discovery, preserved and covered in over three thousand years of dust.

Cotton Trader, 1936

Cotton Trader, 1936

Original Format
Colourisation from a 35mm negative nitrate. June 1936, Marianna, Arkansas, USA by Carl Mydans. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

About this Image
A cotton trader stands at the entrance of Greenhaw Brothers’ Cotton buyers. This image provides a glimpse into America’s long and troubled history tied to the production of this commodity, from a racial and economic perspective that carried through into the Great Depression.

Original Caption
[Untitled photo, possibly related to: Typical view of store and cotton trader in small Arkansas town. This one made in Marianna, Arkansas]

U.S. Army observer at Iwo Jima (硫黄島), 1945

U.S. Army observer at Iwo Jima (硫黄島), 1945

Original Format
Colourisation from an archive photograph. February 1945, Iwo Jima by the Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 - 9999. Courtesy of the U.S. National Archives.

About this Image (kindly written by WWII Historian Doug Banks)
This image is regularly posted on the internet as, "Private First Class Alvin C. Dunlap (see the name on the helmet cover) US 5th Marines Division, 27th Regiment, directing artillery and mortar fire against Japanese positions on Iwo Jima, 20th February 1945."

We think, because the soldier (Marine) in this image is holding a map and giving the orders, he is more than likely an officer and not a Private. We suggest therefore, that he is in fact;

Captain Robert Hugo Dunlap, US Marine Corps Reserve, 1st Battalion, 26th Marines, 5th Marine Division. Iwo Jima 20-21st February 1945.

This his Medal of Honor Citation: "For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of Company C, 1st Battalion, 26th Marines, 5th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the seizure of Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 20 and 21 February, 1945. Defying uninterrupted blasts of Japanese artillery. mortar, rifle and machine gun fire, Capt. Dunlap led his troops in a determined advance from low ground uphill toward the steep cliffs from which the enemy poured a devastating rain of shrapnel and bullets, steadily inching forward until the tremendous volume of enemy fire from the caves located high to his front temporarily halted his progress.

Determined not to yield, he crawled alone approximately 200 yards forward of his front lines, took observation at the base of the cliff 50 yards from Japanese lines, located the enemy gun positions and returned to his own lines where he relayed the vital information to supporting artillery and naval gunfire units. Persistently disregarding his own personal safety, he then placed himself in an exposed vantage point to direct more accurately the supporting fire and, working without respite for 2 days and 2 nights under constant enemy fire, skilfully directed a smashing bombardment against the almost impregnable Japanese positions despite numerous obstacles and heavy marine casualties."

Original Caption
Observer who spotted a machine gun nest finds its location on a map so they can send the information to artillery or mortars to wipe out the position. Iwo Jima, February 1945., 1927 - 1981. 

Louis Pasteur, 1878

Louis Pasteur, 1878

Original Format
Black and white photograph, by Félix Nadar. 1878, France. Courtesy of the Smithsonian Libraries.

About this Image
An exercise in making a photograph look like a painting. Based on Jean Ingres' Portrait of Monsieur Bertin, painted in 1832.

 

The Great Depression: Flippin' Burgers, 1938

The Great Depression: Flippin' Burgers, 1938

Original Format
35mm negative nitrate by Russell Lee. October 1938, Crowley, Louisiana, USA  courtesy of the Library of Congress.

About this Image
A young man grills hamburgers the old fashioned way before fast food. This image was a great technical challenge, with a lot of signage, reflections and details that really tested my patience. The hamburger patties browning on the side touching the grill has about 16 layers of colours on it.

The signage is as authentic as possible, if not sourcing the posters used, then branding from the same campaign or advertising run using the brands colours. Royal Crown Cola is still sold today, and 7-Up’s signage was actually predominantly black and red until the 1940’s. The billboards at the top were a challenge, but narrowed down the poster on the right to be Pan-Am Motor Oils’ ‘Ella Cinders’ character which appeared in comics, they are now collectors items. The poster on the right is advertising the 1938 feature film SPAWN OF THE NORTH starring George Raft, Akim Tamiroff and Louis Platt - filmed in Alaska and produced by Paramount Pictures, whose logo you can see if you look closely.

Original Caption
Making hamburgers in concession stand, National Rice Festival, Crowley, Louisiana

Nihang Bodyguard, 1865

Nihang Bodyguard, 1865

Original Format
Colourisation from a Glass Plate Negative. c.1865, Hyderabad by Captain W. W. Hooper & Surgeon G. Western. Courtesy of the Toor Collection on behalf of the Sikh Culture Initiative GT1588

About this Image
A Nihang bodyguard serving in the Nizam of Hyderabad's irregular Sikh army. In his right hand he holds a khanda sword, and in his left a ball and chain flail. The all-steel chillanum dagger in his cummerbund is traditionally associated with southern India. He also wears a shield, a second sword and a pistol, the butt of which is visible under his left arm. His battle-turban is fortified with razor-sharp steel quoits, miniature sword blades and steel chains.

 

 

The Great Depression: Yellow Girl, 1935

The Great Depression: Yellow Girl, 1935

Original Format
Black and white nitrate negative, by Dorothea Lange. December 1935, New Mexico, USA. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

About this Image
Another portrait from Dorothea Lange's documentation of the Great Depression. Pictured is a resettled farm child from Taos Junction to the Bosque Farms project - a piece of land acquired by the Federal Resettlement Administration that year to house Dust Bowl refugees.

Whoo! c.1947

Whoo! c.1947

Original Format
4x5 inch negative by Leslie Jones. c.1947, USA. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection.

About this Image
A young boy hangs out in the nose engine of a Republic F-84 Thunderjet.

Original Caption
Kid climbs into US Air Force jet engine

The Somme, 1916

The Somme, 1916

Original Format
Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum and ISO.

About this Image
A commission for the Imperial War Museum's 2014 £40 million pound renovation.

 

Grace Kelly, c. 1950's

Grace Kelly, c. 1950's

Original Format
Photographer unknown. Courtesy of Movie Star News.

 

 

 

 

Old Milwaukee, 1941

Old Milwaukee, 1941

Original Format
Black and white negative nitrate by Arthur Siegel. Fall 1941, Jackson, Michigan, USA. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

About this Image
Three farmers break into a bottle of Old Milwaukee, a brand of dry lager still brewed by the Pabst Brewing Company.

Peatwy Tuck of the Meskwahki, 1898

Peatwy Tuck of the Meskwahki, 1898

Original Format
Colourisation from a photographic print : platinum. 1898, by Frank A. Rheinhart, Omaha, Nebraska, USA. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library.

About this Image
The Meskwahki are an amalgamated tribe of the Sauk (Sac) and Meskwahki (Fox) tribes. Though socio-economically and culturally similar, they were politically independent until the Meskwahki’s war with the French severely crippled the Fox tribe’s power base. The combined Sac & Fox tribes were further displaced Native Americans west of the Mississippi river following Presidential Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Act of 1830, to a reservation in what is now part of Oklahoma. 27 Meskwahki enlisted in the U.S. Army in World War II.

Caption
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.); Indians of North America; Fox Indians; Sauk Indians.

Time's Square, 1947

Time's Square, 1947

Original Format
Colourisation from a photographic black and white negative. July 1947. Photograph by William P. Gottlieb, New York City, USA. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

About this Image
Legendary jazz pianist Art Hodes and his River Boat Jazz Band promote their cancer benefit show through the streets of New York, on a horse drawn cart no less. Gottlieb’s image captures the energy of a post war America, the epicentre of which was, and still is, Times Square in New York City.

About two dozen reference images were found of the square itself, as well as individual signage, imparting a great deal of historical authenticity; given that the only internationally recognisable elements of this image that still exist today are the statue of Father Duffy and Pepsi Cola. The whisky brand Kinsey went out of business in the mid-1980’s, whilst the Four Roses bourbon (the sign, top and back) is still in operation, produced by Japanese beverage giant Kirin. Ruppert Beer went out of business at the end of 1965, after mismanagement by the owners heirs. The Warner Bros. Strand theatre was knocked down in 1987 and is now the site of the Morgan Stanley building.

Original Caption
Portrait of Art Hodes, Kaiser Marshall, Henry (Clay) Goodwin, Sandy Williams, and Cecil (Xavier) Scott, Times Square, New York, N.Y., ca. July 1947]